The stud farms which form a branch of TIGEM, were established in the early years of the Ottoman Empire to meet the needs of the army and the palace and to raise its horses. At that time, it reached a land of 300-400.000 hectares. As the Ottoman Empire lost power, lands began to shrink. Thus, the land assets of the stud farms fall to 45.000 hectares.
The other branch of TIGEM extends to Agricultural Combines and State Agricultural Enterprises established by the Young Republic. Agricultural Combines, established in 1937 would meet the food needs of the army when necessary. For this purpose, empty areas belonging to the Treasury in different regions of the country were chosen and these were turned into farms.
The State Agricultural Enterprises were founded by the donation of farms founded by Atatürk on various dates in order to implement modern methods in agriculture, develop agricultural industry and to act as a leader and instructor for farmers on these issues. These farms were then united with the Agricultural Combines in 1950 under the name State Production Farms.
TİGEM; was established in 1984 as a State Owned Enterprise (SOE) by gathering the assets of Studs and Cow Houses and State Production Farms under one roof. In 1994, it gained a new status as a State Economic Enterprise (SEE).
TİGEM; is a State Economic Enterprise which has a legal entity, free in its activities but limited by the capital producing and distributing most important inputs of the agricultural sector including certified seeds and high-quality breeding livestock.